*“The Value of Premium Wealth Management” CFA Institute, 2017
Did you know?
Get a quick understanding of important key facts to help you and your clients put property and casualty risk into real-world perspective.
of individuals with investible assets of $5M or more served on volunteer boards and 5% lacked directors & officers insurance.*
of financially successful households have less than $5M in umbrella liability coverage.**
of homes in the U.S. are undervalued for insurance.†
annual estimated underinsured property loss.††
of kids between 12-17 have been cyberbullied and 12% have admitted to cyberbullying others.‡
1 in 8
drivers are uninsured.‡‡
Sources: * Chubb Survey, 2011 • ** Ace Private Risk Services (2012) • † Marshall & Swift/Boeckh (2013) • †† Swiss RE (2015) • ‡ Cyberbulling Research Center (2016) • ‡‡ Insurance Information Institute (2012)
Real examples of risk*
The value of collectibles insurance
Out-of-date valuations can cause problems when a will is activated. While completing a property appraisal for estate planning, one client found that a Mark Rothko work had significantly increased in value since the time it was acquired. and was now worth more than $5,000,000. The client's art collection had previously been insured under a blanket policy with a $50,000 per item limit. Had the painting been lost or damaged when it was underinsured, the heirs would have taken a striking loss on the value of the estate.
Libel and slander: a jury verdict
A comprehensive policy provides coverage for injuries beyond physical harm. Libel is a real threat. A jury in Florida awarded $11.3 million to a plantiff who accused the defendant of posting defamatory statements about her online. Without insurance broad enough to cover libel and defamation exposures, a client can be left vulnerable.
The value of uncapped replacement cost
Homeowner coverage that covers replacement cost in the event of a catastrophic loss is a necessary, and overlooked, protection. One customer with a standard carrier had a home that was insured for $700,000 that suffered a total loss. The cost of rebuilding with the client's high-end finishes and features was $1,000,000—a $300,000 gap. The client was left deciding whether to pay the gap out of pocket or give up features and amenities. With uncapped replacement cost coverage, the full cost of rebuilding shifts to the insurance carrier.
The limitations of policy gaps
Policy limjits need to have an ample ceiling. When a driver stuck a pedestrian at the crosswalk, the impact led to traumatic brain injury and leg damage that lef to an above-the-knee amputation. The pedestrian was awarded $26.2 million in damages. Common personal liability coverage is $300,000, a limit that would leave a policyholder with a dramatic gap. An excess liability pilicy covers far higher limits, and policies with limits of $50 million or $100 million go even farther. Added layers of coverage protect policyholders from large jury awards.
Resources for you and your clients
Help your clients identify their specific risk problem areas with an assessment tool and a full range of checklists across property and casualty insurance.
Protection outlook tool
One of the best ways for you and your clients to understand their situation with property and casualty coverage is to begin to get a profile of their exposure to risk. Help them assess with this easy discovery tool.
Your client's home may be insured for loss based on the market value of the home, but is that the actual cost to replace the home if they need to rebuild? What if the home's market value is less than the rebuild costs? It happens. Also, there are a few insurers who offer replacement cost without a cap.
Valuation goes hand-in-hand with replacement cost coverage because the insurer won't offer replacement cost unless the home is insured to value. Look for an insurer that conducts a complete, interior or exterior appraisal of a home, instead of using a formula. This delivers the best, most precise extimate of replacement cost. Since most companies have capped replacement cost, if the formula has too low a number this means out-of-pocket costs.
Replacement cost is the full cost to replace a covered item at today's prices and without depreciation. An actual cash value settlement basis means that the insurer calculates depreciation and reimburses the policyholder only for the depreciated value of the items. So if the policyholder's home has a power surge and their 100" projection television is fried, they could be paid out the full cost to replace the TV—or could be given the amount that the TV would fo for on the market. Many companies will pay actual cash value, but only after the personal property is replaced or repaired—which means the upfront costs are out-of-pocket for your clients.
Additional living expenses, or as it's called in the industry, Loss of Use, comes into play when a home incurs a covered loss that makes the home inhabitable while it is being repaired. The coverage provides lodging, meals, and reimbursement for any other applicable daily living expenses beyond what the client pays normally. Additional living expenses can add up quickly, particularly in a situation where a home is being rebuilt after a significant covered loss. Look for coverage that allows policyholders to stay comfortable and maintain their standard of living such as in a comparable home in the same school district.
Another big-ticket item is a coverage called rebuilding to code, or Law and Ordinance coverage, which pays for the cost of complying with new or changing building codes following a covered loss. For example: When rebuilding a 75-year-old home that suffered substantial loss due to a fire, contractors find that the cost of rebuilding the home to code will be an additional $100,000. Look to see if the law and ordinance coverage limit is adequate. If the law and ordinance coverage limit is adequate in the insurance policy, that cost would be covered.
When a home incurs a loss from wind, fire, or another peril, there can be a significant amount of debris that needs to be removed, and it can cost thousands and thousands of collars to clean up a property after a significant loss. Debris removal is a coverage your clients should have on their policy, and they should know how much they have.
A homeowner's policy covers personal property. But all homeowner's policies contain "special limits," which are sub-limits for specific types of valuable items. For instance, the standard special limit in many policies is $1,000 to $5,000 depending on the state. That means the insurer will pay a maximum of $1,000 to $5,000 per item for jewelry, subject to the deductible—but the value of key pieces like engagement rings often exceeds the limit. Some insurers offer higher special limits to allow more coverage for valuable items in the homeowner contract subject to the deductible.
Even with higher special limits, a valuable articles policy is often appropriate, particularly for collectors. A valuable articles policy specifically insurers valuable items and does so with itemized coverage and no deductible. These policies generally offer "itemized coverage," which insures individual items, or "blanket coverage," which protects collections under one blanket item subject to a per-item limit. A comprehensive insurer will offer both types of coverage and offer protection by increasing the values to keep pace with inflation.
There are three settlement basis options in the automobile insurance market: stated amount, actual cost value (ACV), and agreed value. Stated amount lets the insurance company pay the lesser of two amounts, the stated amount on the policy or the ACV. An ACV settlement basis pays the depreciated value of the vehicle, applying the deductible, leaving policyohlders with a shortfall. The best option is a settlement basis Chubb called agreed value, offered by only a few insurers. It states the value of the automobile on the insurance policy and at the time of the covered total loss, the insured receives the amount on the policy—no deductions for depreciations, no deductible applied.
Successful clients have unique liability needs, due to frequent travel, vulnerability to lawsuits, and positions on boards. An excess policy should include worldwide coverage that covers the person no matter where they travel—whether a few miles down the road or to another country. Personal injury includes bodily injury but also extends to "pain and suffering" claims, including shock, mental anguish, libel, and other categories of liability. A thorough liability coverage policy should include personal injury. Directors and Officers liability coverage applies to members of a nonprofit, corporate, or other boards, and protects the policyholder from liability of damages allegedly caused by their acts or omissions as a board member.
This is an individual decision based on a combination of factors. Essentially, the question is, "How much does the individual have to lose?" If a client is involved in a lawsuit, her or his entire net worth and even future earnings can be targeted. Specific considerations include:
Value of physical assets, including residences, collections of jewelry or art, personal property, etc.
Investable assets that an individual posesses
The individual's future earnings
Inheritances and family money
Legal environment—does the individual live in a state or county where jury awards tend to be higher than average?
Whether the individual has an occupation or lifestyle that increases liability risk
A combination of these factors will help clients arrive at the right liability coverage for their situation.
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